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  • General Information

    Official Name: Kingdom of Cambodia 
    Population: 14.8 million
    Capital City: Phnom Penh, population 2 million
    People:Khmers (96%), minorities include Vietnamese, Chinese, many hill tribes, Chams
    Time Zone: GMT +7 Hours
    International Dialing Code:+855 
  • People & Language

    People: Over 90% of the entire population in 1999 were ethnic Khmers, descendants of the original population in the area. The largest minority groups were the Vietnamese, estimated at 5% of the population, and the Chinese, estimated at 1%. Groups designated as other comprised the remaining 4% of the population. National minorities are the Cham and a number of small tribal groups.

    Language: Khmer, the national language, is spoken by most inhabitants. Unlike Thai or Vietnamese, Khmer is a non-tonal language; most words are monosyllabic. French, the second language, is often used in commercial and official circles. The Vietnamese and the Chinese use their own languages, as do other minorities.

    In recent decades, many younger Cambodians and those in the business-class have favoured learning English. In the major cities and tourist centres, English is widely spoken and taught at a large number of schools due to the overwhelming number of tourists from English-speaking countries. Even in the most rural outposts, however, most young people speak at least some English, as it is often taught by monks at the local pagodas where many children are educated.
  • Land & History

    The land of Cambodia is a saucer-shaped, gently rolling alluvial plain drained by the Mekong River and en closed by mountain ranges; the Dangrek Mts. from the frontier with Thailand in the northwest and the Cardamom Mts. and the Elephant Range are in the southwest. About half the land is tropical forest.

    In history: Cambodia's modern-day culture has its roots in the 1st to 6th centuries in a state referred to as Funan, know as the oldest Indianised state in Southeast Asia. It is from this period that evolved Cambodia's language, part of the Mon-khmer family, which contains elements of Sanskrit, its ancient religion of Hinduism and Buddhism. Historians have noted, for example, that Cambodians can be distinguished from their neighbours by their clothing - checkered scarves known as karmas are worn instead of straw hats.

    Funan gave way to the Angkor Empire with the rise to power of King Jayavarman II in 802. The following 600 years saw powerful Khmer kings dominate much of present-day Southeast Asia, from the borders of Myanmar east to the South China Sea and north to Laos

    It was during this period that the Khmer kings built the most extensive concentration of religious temples in the world - the Angkor temple complex. This complex covers an area of 400 square kilometers in the province of Siem Reap. The area contains more that 100 temples and more than 1080 temples across the country. The most successful of the Angkor's kings, Jayavarman II and Jayavarman I, Suryavarman II and Jayavarman VII, also devised a masterpiece of ancient engineering: a sophisticated irrigation system that includes barays (gigantic man-made lakes) and canals that ensured as many as three rice crops a year. Part of this system is still in use today.

    As the Angkor period ended, Cambodia's capital moved south to Longvek, then to Oudong, and finally to the present-day capital pf Phnom Penh. Among the main features of the post-Angkorean era, besides the movement of the capital, was a widespread conversion to Theravada Buddhism, illustrated on temple carvings, where Buddhist features gradually replaced Hindu features.
    The 15th to 17th centuries represented a time of foreign influence, when expansionist Siam and Vietnam fought over Cambodia.

    By the mid-1800s, Cambodia, like most other countries in Asia, came under increasing pressure from European colonial powers. In 1863, King Norodom signed a Protectorate Treaty with France.

    In 1945, the Japanese briefly ousted the Frence. Encouraged, King Sihanouk campaigned tirelessly and in 1953 he succeeded in winning independence for Cambodia, effectively ending 90 years under French protectorate. King Sihanouk abdicated the throne to his father and took the reins of government himself as head of state.
    Throughout the 1950s and 60s Cambodia was self-sufficient and prospered in many areas. However, the quagmire of growing war in Vietnam spread relentlessly, and in 1970, as war spilled over into Cambodia, Prince Sihanouk was overthrown by General Lon Nol.

    On 17 April 1975, Lon Nol's weak-ended government was itself overthrown by the Khmer Rouge. They immediately emptied the capital of its residents and brought Prince Sihanouk back, only to hold him under house arrest. The ensuing four years "Reign of terror" under Pol Pot's democratic Kampuchea resulted in the deaths of an estimated 1.7 milliion people.

    In 1979, the Khmer Rouge was overthrown and the Vietnamese-backed People's Republic of Kampuchea was established. In 1989 the Vietnamese withdrew the last of their troops and the government renamed the country State of Cambodia. The SOC ruled independently until the Paris Peace Agreement of 1991 created the United Nations Transitional Authority (UNTAC). Supported by the presence of some 22000 UN troops, UNTAC in May 1993 supervised general eletions in Cambodia. A second general election was held in 1998.
    Cambodia today enjoys a parliamentary system with one prime minister, Hun Sen. A constitution was adopted in 1993, the same year King Norodom Sihanouk returned to the throne. His Majesty remains a symbol of national unity to his people.
  • Climate & Weather

    Climate & Weather
    November – February: Cool and dry
    March – May: Hot and dry
    June – August: Hot and wet
    September – Early November: Cool and wet
    Maximum daily temperatures range from the high 20°Cs in January to more than 40°C in April. Daily minimum temperatures are usually no less than 15°.
  • Currency

    The official currency is Riel. American dollars are however widely accepted in Cambodia and even preferred in larger stores and supermarkets. However, the riel is more practical and economical to use for smaller, day to day items.
    ATM’s are widely available in Phnom Penh, Siem Reap, Battambang and Sihanoukville; the give out US dollars. However there are no ATM’s out of these areas so it is recommended that you carry cash with you (in small notes as people may have difficulty in getting change).
  • Time

    Time zone: GMT/UTC + 7 (the same zone as Thailand, Laos and Vietnam)
    Business days: Monday through Friday.
    Business hours are generally 8:00 to 17:00, with a long lunch from about 12:00 till 14:00.
    Museums, temples and pagodas are opened every day.

    Public Holidays
    Name Date
    New Year's DayJanuary 1st
    Victory DayJanuary 7th
    Meak Bocheamoveable in February
    International Woman's DayMarch 8th
    Khmer New YearApril 14th-16th
    Visaka Bocheamoveable in April or May
    Labor DayMay 1th
    Royal Ploughing Ceremonymoveable in May
    King Sihamoni's Birthday May 13th-15th
    Queen Mother's BirthdayJune 18th
    Constitution DaySeptember 24th
    Pchum Ben Festivalmoveable in September or October
    King Father's BirthdayOctober 31th
    Independence DayNovember 9th
    Water Festival /Boat Racing Festivalmoveable in November
    Human Rights DayDecember 10th

  • Internet & Mobile phone

    Email & Internet in Cambodia: E-mail and Internet services are available in most hotels and posts as well as the internet cafes in Cambodia. And nowadays, the technology ADSL (high speed internet) is used in some hotels in major cities. But we recommend you should not use public internet for your bank account because of many virus and spywares!

    Mobile phone in Cambodia: Many people taking a Cambodia vacation are interested to know if they can use their mobile phone in Cambodia. If you have a GSM mobile phone with a SIM card activated with roaming service, you will normally not have any problem using a cell phone in Cambodia. Another easy way is to get a local sim card which you can find in mobile phone shops, booths and stores every 100 meters in Cambodia - literally.
  • Arrival at Airport

    The Taxi rates from airport to city vary depend on the distance from airport to center of city. 

    City Airport to city (km) Taxi rate (US$) 
    Airport – Siem Reap38
    Airport – Phnom Penh910

    Arrival – Departure Card: On arrival in Cambodia, you are required to complete the form and pass to the immigration officers. Please note that printed copies are not accepted, so do not print from this website.

    Free import
    There are five major duty rates (including 0% rate) for imported goods, excluding vehicles which have special rates. These duty rates are as follows:
    • 0% for goods that government policy provides not to collect duties
    • 7% for primary products and raw material
    • 15% for machinery and equipment
    • 35% for finished products and government protected goods.
    • 50% for luxurious goods
    • No information available
    • Cats and dogs require an additional Veterinarian Good Health and Rabies Inoculation Certificate.
  • Hospital & Emergency Call

    Phnom Penh
    Camette Hospital
    3, Monivong, Phnom Penh
    Tel : +855-23-426948, +855-23-724891-2, +855-23-427792; Fax : +855-23-724892

    Chuen Min Hospital
    148, Mao Tse Thoung, Street 245, Phnom Penh 12311.
    Tel : +855-23-721120; Handphone : +855-12-842686
    Kossamak Hospital
    80, Yothapol Khemarak Phomin, Street 271, Phnom Penh 12157.
    Tel : +855-23-883047, +855-23-882947; Handphone : +855-18-814878
    Siem Reap
    Angkor Hospital For Children
    Siem Reap. P.O. Box. 50.
    Tel : +855-63-963409; Fax : +855-63-963490

    Royal Angkor International Hospital
    Hospital de Sihanoukville
    Tel : +855-34-933111
    International Peace Hospital
    Handphone : +855-16-875668
    Police:            117
    Fire Brigade:  118
    Ambulance:    119
  • Embassies

    Country Foreign Embassy in CambodiaCambodia Embassy abroad
    Australia 16B National Assembly St, Sangkat, Tonle Bassac, Khan Chamkamon, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
    Phone: +855 23 213 470
    Fax: +855 23 213 413
    Office Hours: Monday to Thursday - 08:00 to 12:00 (Morning) and 13:30 to 17:00 (Afternoon) Friday - 08:00 to 12:00 (Morning) and 13:30 to 16:15 (Afternoon)
    No. 5 Canterbury Crescent, Deakin, A.C.T. 2600, Australia
    Tel: (612) 6273 1259, 6273 1154
    Fax: (612) 6273 1053
    Belgium Hotel Cambodiana, Groundfloor - Office 4 , Phnom Penh
    Phone: + (855) (23) 214 024
    Fax: + (855) (23) 214 024
    264A, Avenue de Tervuren 1150, Bruxeles (Belgium)
    Tel: (32) 277 20 372
    Fax: (32) 277 08 999
    Brunei No. 7, Simpang 1444-14, Jalan Beribi, BE 1118, Gadong, Negara Brunei Darussalam
    Tel: (673) 2426450
    Fax: (673) 2426452
    Bulgaria Norodom Blvd. N- 227 / 229, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
    Phone: + 855 23 217 504
    Fax: + 855 23 212 792
    Canada#9 R.V. Senei Vinnavaut Oum (Street 254), Sangkat Chaktamouk, Khan Daun Penh, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
    Phone: (011 855 23) 213 470
    Fax: (011 855 23) 211 389
    Note: Consular services are offered through through the Australian Embassy which is located in the same compound.
    ChinaNo.156, Blvd. Mao Tsetung, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
    Phone: 00855-12-810928
    Fax: 00855-23-364738
    Details: Ambassador: Pan Guangxue
    No 9, Dong Zhi Men Wai Dajie, Beijing P.R.China, PC: 100600
    Tel: (8610) 653 21889
    Fax: (8610) 653 23507
    Cuba96-98 Street 214, 7 Makara, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
    Phone: (855) 213 965
    Fax: (855) 217 428
    Office Hours: Customer service (at the consulate): Monday through Friday, 8:30 am. to 12:00 pm closed on holidays in Cuba and holidays to Cambodia
    5ta.Ave. No. 7001 e/ 70y 72, Miramar, Havana, Cuba
    Tel: (537) 204 1496
    Fax: (537) 204 6400
    DenmarkHouse #8, Street 352, Boeung Keng Kang 1, P.O. Box 100, Phnom Penh
    Phone: +855 23 987 629
    Fax: +855 23 993 065
    Office Hours: Monday to Thursday:7.30-12.00 to 13.00-16.30 Friday: 7.30-12.00 to 13.00-14.00
    France1 Boulevard Monivong - BP 18,  Phnom Penh
    Phone: [855] (23) 43 00 20 (a 23)
    Fax: [855] (23) 43 00 38
    4, rue Adolphe Yvon 75116 Paris, France
    Tel: (331) 4503 4720
    Fax: (331) 4503 4740
    GermanyNo. 76-78 Rue Yougoslavie, Phnom Penh
    Phone: (844) 216 193, 381
    Fax: (844) 23 42 77 46
    Benjamin-Vogelsdorf St.2, 13187 Berlin, F.R. of Germany
    Tel: (4930) 4863 7901
    Fax: (4930) 4863 7973
    IndiaNo. 5, Street No. 466, Phnom Penh
    Phone: 00-855-23-210912, 210913
    Fax: 00-855-213640, 210914
    W-112 Greater Kailash Part II New Delhi-110048, India
    Tel:          (91-11) 2921 4436, 2921 4435
    Fax:          (91-11) 2921 4438
    IndonesiaNo. 1, Street 466, Corner Norodom Boulevard 90, Sangkat Tonle Bassac, Khan, Chamkarmon, (PO. Box 894), Phnom Penh
    Phone: (855-23) 217-934, 216-148
    Fax: (855-23) 217-566
    Details: 08:00-12:00 : 14:00-17:00 (Monday - Friday) Saturday, Sunday and official holiday closed
    JL. TB. Simatupang Kav.13 Jakarta Selatan 12520, Indonesia
    Tel:          (62-21) 781 2523
    Fax:          (62-21) 781 2524
    JapanNo 194, Moha Vithei Preah Norodom
    Sangkat Tonle Bassac, Khan Chamkar Mon, PO Box 21
    Phone: (855-23)217161~4
    Fax: (855-23)216162
    Office Hours: Office Hours Monday to Friday, 08:00^12:00, 14:00^18:00
    8-6-9, Akasaka, Minato-Ku, Tokyo 1070052, Japan
    Tel: (813) 5412 8521-2
    Fax: (813) 5412 8526
    Korea, (People's Dem. Rep.) Rue de L'universite Commune Mouscou Arrondissement Daedongang F90, N.Korea
    Tel: (8502) 238 17283
    Fax: (8502) 238 17625
    Korea (Republic of Korea)50-52 Samdech Pan (Street 214), P.O. Box 2433, 12211 Phnom Penh
    Phone: (+855-23) 211900
    Fax: (+855-23) 219200
    Address:              657-162 Hanam Dong, Yougsan Gu, Korea 140-887, S-Seoul, Korea
    Tel:          (822) 3785 1041
    Fax:          (822) 3785 1040
    Laos15-17 Mao Tsetung Bld, PO BOX 19, Phnom Penh
    Phone: (+855-23) 982632, 426441, 424781,
    Fax: (+855-23) 720907, 427454
    Office Hours: 08:00-11:30 and 14:00-17:00
    Thadeua Road, KM2Vientiane, B.P. 34, Lao P.D.R.
    Tel: (8562) 131 4950, 131 4952
    Fax: (8562) 131 4951
    MalaysiaVilla No. 5, Street 242, Sangkat Chaktomouk,
    Khan Daun Penh, Phnom Penh
    Phone: +855-23-216 176/177
    Fax: +855-23-426 101
    Office Hours: Monday - Friday 0800 - 1630 hours [Lunch Break 1200 - 1330 hours]
    No 46,Jalan U-Thant, 55000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Tel: (603) 4257 1150, 4257 3711
    Fax: (603) 4257 1157
    Myanmar181, Preah Norodon Boulevard, Boeung Keng Kang 1, Khan Chamcarmon, Phnom Penh
    Phone: (855-23) 213663, 213664
    Fax: (855-23) 2136665
    Address:              No. 34, Kaba Aye Pagoda, Road Bahan Township, Yangon, Myanmar
    Tel:          (951) 54 96 09
    Fax:          (951) 54 14 62
    PakistanHouse No.45, Street No. 310, Boeung Keng Kang-1, Phnom Penh
    Phone: (+855-23) 996890 &91
    Fax: (+855-23) 992113
    Office Hours: Monday-Friday 8:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m
    PhilippinesHouse No. 15, Street 422, Sangkat Tonle Bassac, Khan Chamkarmon, Phnom Penh
    Phone: (+855-23) 222-203; 222-204
    Fax: (85523) 215-143
    Office Hours: Monday-Friday 8:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m
    Unit 7A-B/7th Floor Country Space I Bldg., Senator, Gil Puyat Ave, Makati City, Metro Manila, Philippines
    Tel: (632) 818 9981, 8101896
    Fax: (632) 8189983
    Poland 767 Monivong Boulevard, PO Box58, Phnom Pehn
    Phone: (+855-23) 217782-3
    Fax: (+855-23) 217781
    Russian Federation213, Blvd. Sothearos, Phnom Penh
    Phone: +855 23 210-931
    Fax: +855 23 216-776
    Office Hours: Embassy: 08.00-12.00 and 15.00-18.00Consular: 09.00-12.00 (Mon, Wed, Fri)
    Starokonyushenny Per. 16, Moscow, Russian Federation
    Tel: (7495) 637 4736
    Fax: (7495) 956 6573
    Singapore129 Norodom Boulevard, Phnom Penh
    Phone: +855-23-221-875
    Fax: +855-23-214-578
    Office Hours: Monday - Friday 8.00 am to 12.30 pm 2.00 pm to 5.00 pm
    400 Orchard Road # 10-03/04 Orchard Towers Singapore 238875
    Tel: (65) 6732 4764
    Fax: (65) 6341 9201
    Switzerland  Case Postale 213, 1218 Grand-Saconnex, Geneva, Suisse
    Tel: (41 22) 7887 773
    Fax: (41 22) 7887 774
    ThailandNo. 196 Preah Norodom Boulevard
    Sangkat Tonle Bassac, Khan Chamcar Mon, Phnom Penh
    Phone: 855) 023 726 306 - 10 (Auto Line)
    Fax: (66) 0-2354 6190/(855) 23 726 303
    Office Hours: Office Hours :Monday - Friday 08.30-12.00 hrs. and 14.00-17.00 hrs. Visa and Consular section : 08.30-11.00 hrs. (Submission Time) 14.00-16.00 hrs (Collection Time)
    518 / 4 Pracha Uthit Rd. (Soi Ramkamhaeng 39) Wangtonglang Bangkok 10310
    Tel:        (02) 957-5851-2
    Fax: (02) 957-5850
    Turkey Kambocya Fahri Baskonsoloslugu Park Plaza, Eski Buyukdere cad.No. 22 Floor 17 Maslak, Sariyer
    Tel: +90 (212) 366 5050, 366 5055
    Fax: +90 (212) 366 5086
    United Kingdom27-29 Street 75, Sangkat Srah Chak
    Khan Daun Penh
    Phone: (00) (855 23) 427124
    Fax: (00) (855 23) 427125
    Office Hours: Office hours: Monday - Friday: 08:30-12:00 and 13:30-17:00
    Consular hours: Monday- Friday: 09:00-11:30 and 13:30-15:00
    64 Brondesbury Park, Willesden Green, London NW6 7AT
    Tel: (44) 208 4517850
    Fax: (44) 208 4517594
    USA16, Street 228 (between streets 51 and 63), Phnom Penh
    Phone: (855-23) 216 436/ 216 438
    Fax: (855-23) 216 437
    Office Hours: Morning: 8:00 AM--12:00 PM Afternoon: 01:00 PM--05:00 PM
    4530 16th Street N.W. Washington, D.C 20011, U.S.A.
    Tel: (202) 726 7742
    Fax: (202) 726 8381
    VietnamNo. 436 Monivong Blvd., Khan Chamcarmon, Phnom Penh
    Phone: 855) 23 726 274/ 726 284
    Fax: (855) 23 726 495 / (855) 23 726 273
    Office Hours: From Monday to Friday: Morning : 08.00 hrs.- 11.00 hrs. Afternoon : 14.00 hrs.-16.30 hrs.
    71A,Tran Hung Dao St. Hanoi S.R.Vietnam
    Tel: (844) 942 4789 / 942 4788
    Fax: (844) 942 3225
  • Food & Drink

    As elsewhere in Southeast Asia, the quality of the food is a draw in its own right. Khmer cuisine shares much with that of both Thailand and China, although it tends to steer clear of excessive use of spices. Quality restaurants are found in all areas that see mainstream tourism, while cheap but tasty food stalls are ubiquitous around the country. Most meals are rice-based.

    • Prahok (fermented fish paste) is used to flavour many dishes.
    • Local fruits include banana, coconut, the durian fruit (known for its distinctive odour), jackfruit, longan fruit, lychee, pineapple and rambutan fruit (which has translucent white flesh).
    • Crispy fried spiders are a snack for the adventurous in Northern Cambodia.
    • Amok trey (fish in a thick coconut curry sauce, wrapped in banana leaves and steamed).
    • Rice noodles proliferate and can be bought covered in curry sauce from street vendors.

    Regional drinks: Fresh coconut juice; Green tea; Rice wine; local beer called Angkor; & most popular, and refreshing - soda water with a squeeze of lemon.
  • Kampong Cham

    Kampong Cham is the third largest city in Cambodia. Despite not having as many tourist attractions as Phnom Penh or Angkor Wat, this charming city is the best place to get a feel of the “real” Cambodia. The remnants of French colonial rule are here, as are modern improvements to this one poor area’s infrastructure. With its Mekong River location and relatively close proximity to Phnom Penh (123km) and Vietnam, Kampong Cham has always been an important trade and transportation hub. The highway from Phnom Penh is in excellent condition-you can get here in just under two hours by road or by the bullet boats that are a main mode of transportation between towns on the Mekong River.
  • Sihanoukville

    Sihanoukville is located on the coast of Cambodia, about halfway between Thailand and Vietnam, on the Bay of Thailand. It's locally know as Kampong Som. A spread out tourist town for both foreigners and local people from all over the country. Three sides of the town are bordered by tropical beaches and islands. Filled with empty beaches, crowded beaches, seafood, restaurants, bars, Buddhist Temples, casinos, hotels, and more beaches. At several hundred places, English is spoken; and many French speakers are here as well. About 20 other languages are spoken at various guesthouses and restaurants.
  • Phnom Penh

    Phnom Penh is the capital and largest city of Cambodia. Located on the banks of the Mekong River, Phnom Penh has been the national capital since the French colonized Cambodia, and has grown to become the nation's center of economic and industrial activities, as well as the center of security, politics, economics, cultural heritage, and diplomacy of Cambodia.
    Once known as the “Pearl of Asia”, it was considered one of the loveliest French-built cities in Indochina in the 1920s. Phnom Penh, along with Siem Reap and Sihanoukville, are significant global and domestic tourist destinations for Cambodia. Founded in 1434, the city is noted for its beautiful and historical architecture and attractions. There are a number of surviving French colonial buildings scattered along the grand boulevards.
    Situated on the banks of the Tonle Sap, Mekong and Bassac rivers, the Phnom Penh metropolitan area is home to more than 2 million of Cambodia’s population of over 14 million. The city is the wealthiest and most populous city in Cambodia and is home to the country’s political hub.
  • Battambang

    Battambang is the main hub of the Northwest connecting the entire region with Phnom Penh and Thailand, and as such it’s a vital link for Cambodia. The main parts of the city are situated closed to the Sangker River, a tranquil, small body of water that winds its way through Battambang Province. It is a nice, picturesque setting. As with much of Cambodia, the French architecture is an attractive bonus of the city. The French has left most of its influence on the Cambodian land.
  • Siem Reap

    Siem Reap is the heart city of Siem Reap Province in northwestern Cambodia, and is the gateway to Angkor region.